The Court Process In San Antonio
Arrested for a Drug Crime in San Antonio, how does it work?
Interviewer: What happens during the initial arraignment?
Gary Churak: It depends on what county you’re in. Some counties actually have an arraignment docket where you basically show up in court, they read the charge against you, you plead guilty or you plead not guilty, and the case gets reset for pretrial. That happens in a lot of counties. Other counties, like Bexar County in San Antonio, don’t have arraignments, they just have a regular old docket call, where your case is on the docket and that starts the preceding. Arraignments are basically a pretrial matter. You usually have an arraignment, followed by two or three pretrial hearings where you try to talk to the prosecutor and look at the discovery, and then you get on the trial docket and move on from there. That is usually the way the system works.
Interviewer: How long will a case generally last?
Gary Churak: That depends on where you are at. In San Antonio, a misdemeanor case can go a year, year and a half, to two years. A felony may continue for sometimes two years, to two and a half years. In some counties it may be longer and in some counties it may be shorter, just depends on what their dockets look like.
First Time Offense
Interviewer: Is there any sort of leniency for first time offenders?
Gary Churak: There is. In some counties, they will do what is called a pretrial diversion case. In San Antonio, that is something brand new that they established for first time youth offenders, those under the age of twenty-one. Pretrial diversion is basically probation, you do everything you are supposed to do and we’ll just make the case go away. The benefit of having a pretrial diversion is that you can come back at a later date, once you complete the program and get it expunged. An expunction is a complete wipe-out of any criminal record concerning that particular case. An alternative is a petition for non-disclosure, you are just limited to an order of non-disclosure on the case and that is not a complete sealing of the record. Governmental agencies, school districts, and a lot of other people will be able to see it. Pretrial diversion is definitely an advantage, if it can be obtained, especially in marijuana cases. Pretrial diversion is usually most prevalent in misdemeanor offenses.
How does deferred adjudication work?
Deferred Adjudication and Probation San Antonio
Interviewer: You mentioned probation, but how does deferred adjudication work?
Gary Churak: Deferred adjudication is the type of probation where basically you get put on probation, and then the court defers an adjudication of guilt. In other words, the judge says, “I find there is sufficient evidence to find you guilty but I am not going to find you guilty, I am going to put you on probation for a period of time, if you complete your probation satisfactory, I will dismiss your case and you will be eligible for an order of non-disclosure on certain offenses at the conclusion of this case. However, should you happen to screw up your probation, then I can bring you into my courtroom and I can sentence you up to the maximum amount allowed by law that I could have sentenced you for.” So, in other words say you got caught with six ounces of marijuana, a state jail felony, and you get put on deferred adjudication. You would complete your deferred adjudication probation, judge says good job, dismisses your case, you wait five years after dismissal you file an order of non-disclosure, and the case is sealed to the private sector. However; say you get put on deferred adjudication probation, you come into the probation department and you come up hot on a UA or two for marijuana or drug use, or you get picked up for a new drug offense. If that happens, the judge can then bring you back to the courtroom on a motion to adjudicate and basically says, “Well, you know what, I gave you a chance and you screwed up. I am going to adjudicate you, which means I am going to find you guilty, you are going to be convicted and I can send you to state jail for up to a term of two years”. That is what happens when you screw up deferred adjudication. It has its benefits and its detriments; it just depends on the individual and whether or not they can follow the rules.
Interviewer: Like a do or die. Is deferred adjudication supervised or non-supervised probation?
Gary Churak: It’s supervised. Unless it’s Class C misdemeanor, like a traffic ticket deal. For the most part it is supervised probation.
Interviewer: To what extend would it be supervised? Do they put an ankle monitor on you?
Gary Churak: No. Sometimes they can do that as a condition but most of the time, depending on if it’s a misdemeanor or a felony; it’s basically reporting to the probation officer once a month, doing your community service, paying your fines and court costs, and staying out of trouble. That’s pretty much what it involves.
Getting a Case Dismissed
Interviewer: How would a case get dismissed?
Gary Churak: There are a number of ways it could be dismissed. One could be that the State has insufficient evidence. In other words, the drugs came back to not be what they said they were. In other words, they do a preliminary lab test, pocket lab evaluation on the drugs to see what they are, but sometimes especially with some of the synthetic stuff or meth, sometimes it won’t come back as meth. When they don’t have a lab report, the case can get dismissed because they don’t have evidence. Sometimes they don’t have a complaining witness. On drug cases, that is not usually true but it could happen. If for some reason the police officer got suspended, got fired, quit, moved on, joined the military, they don’t have a witness and they don’t have a case. That is usually the two situations where cases are dismissed.
About Illegal Search and Seizure, and Illegal Warrants
San Antonio Illegal Searches and Seizures
Interviewer: What can you tell us about illegal search and seizure, and illegal warrants?
Gary Churak: The Fourth Amendment has been emasculated so much through the years by judicial opinions, that your Fourth Amendment rights are very limited. I mean, you get pulled over for a traffic stop, any probably cause, they’ve got a right to search your vehicle. Any suspicions, if the cops say you looked suspicious in the vehicle fidgeting, then they had the right to search your vehicle.
I see it all the time where they stake out a distribution house, or drug house, and somebody drives away with a vehicle. They pull the vehicle over down the street and say they were going too fast or had no tail light, and then they search it. The cops know absolutely well that there are drugs in the vehicle because it just left that house.
Search and seizures motions are used to try and suppress evidence when there has been an illegal search or seizure. It is really, really rare that they are ever granted by courts nowadays because of issues with probable cause. Unless it’s illegality is just so blatant. Unless a cop comes into your house, without any issue or anything, and sees a marijuana pipe on the front of the desk, and makes an arrest. That would probably be an illegal search and seizure, but that doesn’t happen.
Interviewer: Are police officers aware of this and do you think they will cross the line?
Gary Churak: Police officers cross the line every day.
Gary Churak: They lie to make arrests. They create probable cause. It’s the nature of the beast. In their opinion, they are getting the bad guy off the street, so the ends justify the means.
Interviewer: How does that help a client?
Gary Churak: It doesn’t. I mean, it doesn’t help a client if a cop gets up there and lies. That is detrimental to the client.
Interviewer: If you discover something like this has happened, does that help a client’s case?
Gary Churak: Yes, that would definitely lead to suppression of the evidence. That is something that would be very beneficial to the client. We can establish that the cop has no probable cause and fabricated the story.
Interviewer: Now, let’s say someone gets stopped by a police officer and they don’t find any drugs but they find a spoon, a pipe, or a bong. What happens in that case?
Gary Churak: They can file on what’s called a Class C Misdemeanor, possession of drug paraphernalia. It’s not a jail offense. It’s basically a fine only. It’s considered a drug offense on your record. It’s the same with rolling paper or something like that. It’s drug paraphernalia, they call it. They don’t arrest you. They can arrest you but usually they don’t. It’s just like just getting a traffic ticket.
Options for Possession of Drugs
Interviewer: You mentioned earlier about a therapy program or a rehab program. What are some other options that people have? Is there community service available?
Gary Churak: Yes, usually that is in the conditions of someone’s probation. They require that you do community service, take a rehabilitation class, and drug classes. It’s all part of the probationary system. Sometimes they will actually lock you up in an in-house rehabilitation system, called SAFP or Safe-T. There they literally incarcerate you in a drug rehab facility. Sometimes up to nine months as a condition of probation.
Interviewer: Is that a county thing or state thing?
Gary Churak: There’s a county program and there’s a state program. The county’s is called Safe-T and the state’s is called SAFP. They are rehabilitation programs.
Interviewer: Is that mandatory with every probation?
Gary Churak: It’s not mandatory but it is becoming more and more prevalent. If a judge thinks and probation thinks you’ve got a drug problem, then they are going to go ahead and stick you in a rehab.
Pleading Guilty During a Plea Bargain
Interviewer: If they are pleading guilty, are they throwing themselves at the court and giving up? Would that wise for them to do that?
Gary Churak: It happens all the time, it’s called taking a plea bargain agreement. This is when you look at the evidence, you weigh your chances on beating the thing, and then you negotiate with the prosecution to work out a plea bargain agreement. The plea bargain agreement requires you to first enter a plea of no contest or guilty, and then the state will recommend what you agreed on to the judge. That happens day in and day out. Ninety-five percent of cases are probably plea bargained out, instead of going to trial. That not unusual.
Do you see a lot of possession of drugs with DWIs?
San Antonio Drugs and DWI Lawyers
Interviewer: Do you see a lot of possession of drugs with DWIs?
Gary Churak: I don’t see a whole lot of cases where there is not alcohol but drugs found in the system. If you do not have the mental or physical capacity to operate a motor vehicle because of the influence of alcohol or drugs it’s considered a DWI. It’s the same thing if you have drugs or you have alcohol in your system. Alcohol is a little more defined because if it’s above .08 you are presumed to be intoxicated. However; with drugs, you have to show what amount is necessary to be considered under the influence. Is it a regular prescription amount? Will that be sufficient or does it have to be more than a prescription amount? It just depends on the situation and the type of drug involved. It depends on a lot of different things. It pays to hire experienced San Antonio Drugs and DWI Lawyers.
Interviewer: Let’s take marijuana for instance, in that case, what are police officers looking for? In terms of searching and signs of inebriation, what are they looking for?
Gary Churak: They are looking for basically somebody who does not have their full capacity, physically or mentally. In other words, are they stumbling, are they sure of foot, are they slurring their words, are they incoherent, or are they paranoid? There are a lot of factors they can look at.
Interviewer: Do you see cases that occur at the border checkpoints, off Laredo or the valley somewhere? Where someone from San Antonio goes and comes back with illegal drugs?
Gary Churak: Yes, it happens but not as much as you thing nowadays. This is mainly because of the checkpoints and the security that you have to go through. There are dogs and checkpoints, not only at the border but off the border. They smuggle drugs in, in 18-wheelers, in tires and in other areas of vehicles. It happens and they get caught. It’s not unusual that it happens, but nine out of ten times they get caught. They don’t make it through the checkpoints. They will smuggle it in other ways that are not as secure, through the dessert in Arizona or something to that effect. It is difficult to smuggle into Texas nowadays because of the border checkpoints and security.
Interviewer: If someone definitely starts smuggling a nice amount of marijuana or any other illegal substance it’s going to be a federal issue, but what if it’s just the average college student going to have a good time at Madame Morrows or someone and they come over and they get stopped at the checkpoint with a small amount, how does that work?
Gary Churak: It’s the same thing; it’s basically possession of marijuana. That would be a state issue and they would turn the case over to the state. It would just depend on how much you have. If it’s less than two ounces, it’s a Class B misdemeanor and they’ll arrest you. You can bond out and you’ll be looking at a Class B misdemeanor. If its two to four ounces, it’s a Class A misdemeanor. If it’s more than that, you are looking at a felony. Personal use like that, they are going to just bust you and let you out or turn you over to the state basically. That is what they are going to do.
The real interesting one we are seeing more and more of is on I-10 out there, in Van Horn, there’s a checkpoint and we get these people coming through from California and other places where marijuana is legal. Medical marijuana is not legal in Texas, so they get busted there with their medical marijuana. Oops. That’s Willie Nelson. That’s where they got Willie.
Interviewer: Would you defend Willie?
Gary Churak: Awe, sure. Willie’s just a stoner.
Interviewer: Could you share a unique story or one of your favorite victories?
Gary Churak: I’ll give you one and this is actually a very similar situation. I had a couple of, young, young people. They had just graduated. One of them had just graduated college at a very prestigious college and they went out to Big Bend for the weekend. They had a little bit of marijuana in their car and one of the guys had some prescription Adderral in this pouch left over from his college days to help them study. It wasn’t his but it was his roommates. They got pulled over at a checkpoint .
Interviewer: Where is Big Bend located?
Gary Churak: West Texas. It is a National Park.
Gary Churak: They found the Adderall and they found the marijuana, so they sent it on over to the prosecutor in Presidio County for prosecution. The kid was a musician and he actually played for the San Antonio Symphony. He had a scholarship to go to Juilliard in New York and this would have cratered him, his entire career and everything. He had done a lot of public service, he had done a lot of charity work, and he had helped with children and had a pretty good resume. I got a bunch of letters of recommendation for him and letters from people that he’d done events for. I was able to get those to the prosecutor and got the prosecutor to drop the felony drug charges. Then we did a misdemeanor plea on the possession of marijuana where he didn’t even have to come into town to plea on it, we did it by mail. He got six months unsupervised probation and we were able to come back and seal it up. Now he is teaching music somewhere at a high school.
A Determined San Antonio Drug Defense Attorney Protects Your Rights
Prepared to clear your name
When charged with any type of drug crime, you have rights that law enforcement and the court system must respect. At the Law Offices of Gary Churak, P.C., Attorney Churak protects these rights by offering clients diligent, determined representation. With more than 30 years of legal experience, Mr. Churak understands the laws that govern drug cases and the procedures that law enforcement officers must follow when pressing charges. Allow him to represent you to the fullest extent from the beginning of your case all the way through to the end as you seek a second chance.
A San Antonio drug arrest attorney seeks a case dismissal for you
Drug crime charges carry a variety of penalties, the severity of which depends on the type of crime in question. While courts generally consider possession charges to be misdemeanors, in which case you might want to enlist the services of a San Antonio marijuana possession attorney, other types of drug crimes, including trafficking, manufacturing and distributing, are much more serious. There may also be different ramifications if you’re a juvenile offender. If convicted of these crimes you may face imprisonment, sizeable fines and probation.
As your San Antonio criminal attorney, Mr. Churak analyzes the details surrounding your case to compile a solid defense. He specifically searches for the presence of issues such as:
- Illegal searches and seizures. Whenever police officers search your property, they must have either a valid warrant or your permission to do so. If they enter your property or take your possessions without either of these, any evidence collected cannot be used against you in court — even if it incriminates you. Be warned: many officers attempt to bully suspects into allowing them to search their property. When officers want permission to search yours, politely decline consent to the search and contact an attorney immediately.
- Invalid warrants. There are a variety of steps officers must follow to obtain a valid warrant. All warrants must come from the proper authorities and have all of the necessary notarization before any searches can take place. Do not simply assume that officers who want to search your property have a valid warrant. Never let them in unless you see the warrant for yourself.
When these issues are present in your case, Mr. Churak seeks an immediate dismissal, thus clearing your name. If a dismissal is not possible, he pursues an aggressive defense strategy to help you get the best results possible.
Speak with a San Antonio drug crimes attorney today
Obtain representation from a drug crimes attorney with a record of success. Call the Law Offices of Gary Churak, P.C. at (210) 545-3850 or contact the firm online to schedule a free consultation. The firm’s phone lines are open 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and all calls during evenings or weekends get forwarded directly to Mr. Churak himself.
Common Types of San Antonio Drug Cases
Gary Churak: I’m Gary Churak and I am an attorney in San Antonio, Texas. We are going to discuss San Antonio drug cases.
Interviewer: What counties does your legal practice cover?
Gary Churak: Basically, I cover everything from Travis County down to Laredo. I cover Central Texas to South Texas.
Interviewer: In the areas you cover, can you give us an overview of the type of drugs that are commonly found?
Gary Churak: It runs the gamut starting with marijuana, to the cocaine, heroin, and a lot of meth.
Interviewer: Is that a new thing, the meth thing?
Gary Churak: No, Meth has always been an issue, especially in the rural areas, because of the nature of making it. When making it you want a secluded rural area and there are enough of those types of areas out here making it a fairly lucrative little industry.
Interviewer: What are the most common drugs that you’re seeing?
Possession of Marijuana
Gary Churak: The most common drug is marijuana. You see Marijuana use by all different ages, from 60-year old hippies to high school kids.
Interviewer: What is the difference between a possession of a drug versus the intent to sell a drug?
Gary Churak: Basically, possession is when you have it in your personal possession and the amount you have is enough for personal consumption. You don’t have any scales, packaging material, or anything like that that may lead to the idea that you’re trying to sell or distribute the drugs.
Interviewer: In marijuana cases, is there a certain amount that would make the standard crime for possession of drugs change to a crime of intent to sell drugs?
Gary Churak: In Texas, no. For the crime of possession of drugs it is zero to two ounces is a Class B misdemeanor. Two to four ounces is a Class A misdemeanor. Four ounces to five pounds is a state jail felony. As you go up the ladder, based on how much you have, the offense gets to be more serious. Possession of five to fifty ounces is a third-degree felony and if with intent to distribute, it can make it a second-degree felony.
"Basically, it can start with having residue in your car. That can be possession of marijuana. In Texas, smoked joint with a little bit left burned in it, is possession of marijuana."
Interviewer: At what point does possession of marijuana become a federal case?
Gary Churak: It can become a federal case at any time, but for the most part the feds do not enforce marijuana cases unless it’s major, major amounts. If you’ve got a ton of marijuana in the back of a semi, the feds may be interested, otherwise they’re not interested and they’re not doing anything about it. There are states have legalized marijuana for medical purposes or recreational purposes, which is against federal law, yet the feds are not doing anything about it. The feds don’t really care about marijuana.
Interviewer: Are marijuana cases handled the same as a cocaine case or heroin case?
Gary Churak: No, for the most part it’s looked at less seriously by the courts unless it’s a major distribution issue. You have a better chance of getting probation on a marijuana case than you would in a cocaine or heroin situation. They treat those drugs more seriously than marijuana possession.
Representing Yourself, Private Attorney & San Antonio Public Defender
Experienced San Antonio Criminal Defense Attorney, Gary Churak
Interviewer: Do you think it would be wise for someone to represent themselves?
Gary Churak: No, and they’re not going to. Unless it’s the smallest level misdemeanor, most courts are not going to let an individual represent themselves because of the constitutional issues involved with that. Also, the courts don’t want to have a habeas corpus down the road for improper plea or anything. I have seen it done in small counties, where they just walk you in and take your money. I have had situations where I have gotten calls from people, especially when the economy went south and people were looking for new jobs, a guy would call me up and say “I went for get a job and they ran a criminal background check and I’ve got a marijuana conviction on my record and I have no idea how I got it.” I ask “did you ever get arrested?” The caller will say, “Well yeah, I was in college and they busted us with some marijuana and they took us in front of a judge and the judge basically fined us $200.00 each and we left.” I then say, “well, you just got convinced of marijuana possession, because basically you plead in front of that judge and paid a fine, so that’s a conviction.” The caller then inquires, “How do I get it off my record?” I say “you don’t.” I would never, never, never let anybody, or advise anybody to represent themselves on even on the smallest case.
Private Attorney vs. Public Defender
Interviewer: What would be the advantage of hiring a private attorney, let’s say over a public defender in a drug case?
Gary Churak: I don’t know if there is an advantage or not. It depends. In Texas, most areas do not have public defenders they have private attorneys who are court appointed and get paid a nominal fee by the county to represent these people. It’s all a matter of economics. If you are going to make $400.00 on this case, how hard are you going to work? Compare that with somebody paying you a nice hefty retainer to represent them. As a private attorney you can hire expert witnesses, and do a lot more on a hired case versus an appointed case. The bottom line, most people who get court-appointed attorneys can’t afford attorneys anyway, that is why they get a court-appointed attorney. People that can afford to hire an attorney are not entitled to a court-appointed attorney because they are not indigent.
San Antonio Drug Laws
San Antonio Drug Laws Are Getting Harsher
Interviewer: That’s fantastic. Do you think drug laws are getting harsher or do you think people are getting smarter?
Gary Churak: I think drug laws don’t work. We have been fighting the war on drugs for now how many years? It hasn’t made a dent in it. Yes, there are drug busts but people still use drugs and drugs are still an issue. It’s hard to say why people continue to use drugs but they do. I don’t think you are ever going to be able to control it to the point where you can stop people from using drugs. For the most part, a lot of the prison population right now are those incarcerated just because of drug use.
Interviewer: States like California, are their laws are slightly different?
Gary Churak: Yes, California is very liberal on drug things. They have medical marijuana and decriminalization of pot cases. In Colorado and Washington, pot’s legal. You can smoke it legally as long as you are over the age of eighteen. Hell, you got to be twenty-one to buy a beer but eighteen you can smoke a joint. It’s ridiculous. It depends on where you’re at. People talk about decriminalization and everything but marijuana is a different deal. Everybody says it’s only marijuana but a lot of times marijuana leads to other drugs and other issues. The marijuana of thirty years ago is not the marijuana today. Through technology and organic chemistry, the THC content in marijuana is five times what is was thirty years ago. It’s a more potent drug. Everybody says it’s a harmless crime but it is a crime.
Interviewer: There are these head shops around different areas and they’ve got substitutes that are similar to marijuana, are they legal?
Gary Churak: They are not legal. The synthetic stuff or spice has been outlawed in Texas. All that stuff is illegal including the bath salts. That stuff is even worse for you.
Interviewer: What if someone thought they were legal?
Gary Churak: It doesn’t matter, it’s a possession. You’ve got it in your possession.
Young Drug Offenders
Interviewer: For the younger clients that you got, do you ever work with their parents as well?
Gary Churak: All the time. Yes, high schoolers come in with the pot and the parents are usually the one’s paying the bill. I will sit down with them and look them in the eye and I say “do you want to talk with your parents here or not here?” And they’ll say, “Oh, we can talk, I’ve already told everything.” I say, “OK, so let me guess, you need a hit in the morning to get going, you need a hit around lunchtime to get you through the day, and you need a hit at night to help you relax.” “Yeah.” Then I reply, “Well, you’re a pothead, you need to get off this stuff because you’re leading to addiction.” People say it’s not addictive, it’s addicting. You start laying that out, sometimes it gets through to the kid and they clean up their act, especially after being arrested. Other times it doesn’t. I’ve had people look at me and say, “Hey I like it, it’s marijuana, I am going to continue to smoke marijuana”.
Interviewer: Do you find that a lot of clients that are seeking you out are parents?
Gary Churak: Oh yeah. In situations involving the under twenty-one crowd it is usually the parents that hire me to represent them. A lot of times the kid has to pay for it but it’s usually the parents I’m dealing with also.
Interviewer: Have you noticed any trends with social media, like Facebook or anything? Do you think sometimes that may hurt someone’s case?
Gary Churak: No, I really haven’t. A picture with somebody or somebody’s picture where they are smoking a bong? No, I really haven’t run across any of that. I imagine it exists.
Interviewer: What, in your opinion, puts your law firm above the rest when it comes to drug charges?
Gary Churak: A good lawyer is a good lawyer and there are a lot of good lawyers. I consider myself a good lawyer. I am better than some lawyers. I dedicate a lot of my efforts to my client. I personally work with my client. In other words, I don’t pawn things off on an associate. I handle every case individually for them. I am accessible to my clients and I feel I get good results from my clients.
Prescription Drug Defense
San Antonio Prescription Drugs Attorney
Interviewer: What about legal or prescription drug cases? How are those handled?
Gary Churak: If you’ve got prescription for the drug, then you’re not in violation of the law.
Interviewer: What if you have someone else’s prescription?
Gary Churak: Well, that’s a problem. That is called obtaining drugs by fraud. That is a felony. That’s a third-degree felony and you can get in trouble for that.
Interviewer: Are people generally aware that having someone else’s prescription is a problem?
Gary Churak: Yes, a lot of it has to do with oxy and other pain medications people are addicted to. Often times, people are trying to figure out how to get a prescription for that particular drug. I’ve had situations where people who were addicted to oxycodone, taking 15 to 20 pills a day because they developed such tolerance to it. They needed that much just to be able to survive their addiction. That’s the main thing that you see in prescription fraud cases. They’re looking for the medication drug and oxy is usually the one of preference.
Interviewer: What are some common misconceptions that people have with drug cases?
Gary Churak: It’s only marijuana, it’s not hurting me, I’m not addicted, I don’t need treatment. A lot of it’s in denial about drug use. No one is motivated for treatment until they get arrested. Then, at that point they’re not motivated for any kind of rehabilitation treatment, just in-patient. Nine out of ten drug users will repeat or screw up with their probation because they continue to use drugs.
Interviewer: What are some of the things clients will do to hurt their case, either intentionally or unintentionally?
Gary Churak: I’ve had people who have been arrested for a drug case, then they were bonded out, and then proceeded to get arrested again for a drug case from a different time. People who get out on probation continue to use drugs and get their probation revoked. People that are addicted continue to use drugs and that’s a problem. The terms and conditions of the probation says “thou shall not use drugs or thou shall take UA’s every time he’s come in here and if you come in hot you’re in trouble”. Repeat usage after they were already arrested or put on probation is the main problem.
Interviewer: You mentioned UAs, do they also get hair follicle test?
Gary Churak: They don’t do hair follicle test, just because of the nature of it, it costs too much. Most probation departments will use just the UA test.
Interviewer: What are some things that will help someone’s case?
Gary Churak: Rehabilitation. If you can get into a rehab facility and complete the program on your dime versus having be court-ordered to do it. I think that’s a plus. It shows your willingness to recognize your issues and resolve your problems. It is definitely a plus with the court systems and judges that you acknowledge you have an issue or a problem, you go ahead and take care of it. Like I said, that’s a big thing. I think, to acknowledge that you have an addiction is major.